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What is the Importance of Vulnerability Management?

Enterprise Security Magazine | Monday, September 28, 2020

Enterprises across the globe heavily rely on information systems for day-to-day operations, making them on the radar of cyber attackers; therefore, vulnerability management is essential to safeguard the data.

Fremont, CA: The concern about cyberattacks has become global. Cyberattacks impacts all types of organizations, and enterprises are especially vulnerable to ransomware attacks. As a result, enterprises are investing massively in cybersecurity programs, like vulnerability management solutions, and are implementing security training for employees as well. With a proactive vulnerability assessment and management, enterprises can reduce or nullify the impact of external attacks via the attack surface. Vulnerability assessment scanners help to detect known vulnerabilities, like an unsecured firewall gateway or software misconfigurations. Top 10 Artificial Intelligence Solution Companies - 2020

Essential features that help in choosing the right vulnerability management system.

A vulnerability management system has to be able to effectively discover existing security and software misconfigurations, high-risk software, web server misconfigurations, and other vulnerabilities in a network. Here are a few features that will help to evaluate a vulnerability management program.

Web server hardening: Security hardening of web-facing servers is essential. Your vulnerability manager program must be capable of ensuring secure communications via SSL to prevent attacks gated via the server. This helps prevent denial of service and brute-force attacks.

Security configuration management: Detection of antivirus enablement, updated antivirus definitions, enabling MS Windows Firewall, ensuring authorized administrative share access, folder share permissions, ensuring secured password policy, browser configurations, checking elevation of user privileges, and more.

Port audits: Applications require specific firewall ports to be open. There might be cases when inactive ports are accessible that can lead to exploitation by injecting trojans or other malware. Your vulnerability management program must be capable of controlling the firewall ports to determine which ones need to be open or closed, especially on internet-facing servers.

High-risk software audits: Software deemed dangerous to businesses, like peer-to-peer file-sharing software, those nearing end of life status, and remote desktop sharing software, should be scanned for and defined permissions for usage or blockade. This helps prevent the creation of new vulnerabilities that can invite attacks.

Zero-day vulnerabilities mitigation: Zero-day vulnerabilities do not come with patches; they are barely exploited in the wild, and vendors strive hard to release timely patches before proof of concept is implemented. In such cases, a vulnerability management program must help execute custom scripts in the form of tweaking registry key settings or disable legacy protocols.

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