The Types of Threat Intelligence

Enterprise Security Magazine | Friday, April 22, 2022

It is often believed that cyber threat intelligence is the domain of elite analysts. In truth, it adds value to enterprises of all sizes across all security functions.

Fremont, CA: Today's cybersecurity business faces various obstacles - an increase in the persistence and deception of threat actors, a daily stream of data containing irrelevant information and false alarms across multiple, disconnected security systems, and a severe scarcity of well-experienced experts. Some organizations attempt to incorporate threat data feeds into their network but are unsure what to do with the additional data, increasing the burden on analysts who may lack the tools necessary to prioritize and ignore threats. Each of these problems can be addressed by a cyber threat intelligence system.

Types of threat intelligence:

Strategic threat intelligence

Strategic threat intelligence provides a comprehensive picture of an organization's endangered environment. It is intended to inform senior executives and other decision makers at an organization; as such, the content is often less technical and is provided in reports or briefings. Effective strategic intelligence should shed light on risks associated with particular routes of action, general patterns in threat actor tactics and targets, and geopolitical events and trends.

Tactical threat intelligence

Tactical threat intelligence details the threat actors' tactics, methods, and procedures (TTPs). It should assist defenders in comprehending how their organization might be attacked and the best approaches to protect against or reduce those attacks in concrete terms. It is frequently technical in nature and is used by employees directly involved in an organization's defense, such as system architects, administrators, and security personnel.

Operational threat intelligence

Operational intelligence is information on cyber incidents, events, or campaigns. It provides specialized insights that assist incident response teams in deciphering the nature, intent, and timing of certain assaults. Because of the fact that this type of intelligence frequently incorporates technical data, it is also referred to as technical threat intelligence. Technical information is frequently obtained from threat data feeds, which typically focus on a specific sort of signals, such as malware hashes or questionable domains.