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How is Smart Card Revamping the Future of Access Control?

By Enterprise Security Magazine | Monday, September 07, 2020

While access cards will continue to play a substantial role in the access control market, few companies are inclined toward smartphone Bluetooth-enabled technology to provide residents frictionless access via secured doors, elevators, and turnstiles.

Fremont, CA: The introduction of mobile credentials possesses the potential to alter the access control industry. Rather than carrying and swiping a card, a phone’s technology can help in authenticating in identity and grant entry. Mobile credentials are more convenient and allow greater flexibility, better privacy, and can lower the maintenance costs of credential management for end-users. Biometric technology is also advancing and evolving with the introduction of iris scanning and fingerprint recognition. In a few cases, various methods of biometric identification are combined with the use of a card for even greater security. Although technology is evolving and advancing, when it comes to a trusted identity, physical cards will play an important role in securely granting or access restriction. Physical cards are a vital part of commercial security systems—keeping buildings and designated areas secure and safe by monitoring entry or restricting access within a space. The combination of a physical card with digital identity is robust and provides multi-layered security. Top 10 Access Control Companies in Europe -2020

Authentication Technology & Security

There are two types of access control cards first being non-secure and second, are secure, both provide ways to monitor the entrance and the exit of a building. For commercial and residential building, a proximity card is the most commonly used access card; however, they offer little security. Even though proximity, magnetic stripe, and smart card look the same, the technologies driving them vary significantly. Proximity cards is made of several materials, but they all work in the same manner, like by being held close to a card reader, without the need to make physical contact with the reader. Proximity cards are older technology and are low in security. The magnetic stripe cards are one of the oldest forms of access cards, and it offers minimal security. They are easy to copy and are typically used in low-security settings like hotels. The latest advancement in the access control card market segment—smart cards, were developed to be hard to duplicate. Smart cards offer the most security. It can provide personal identification, authentication, data storage, and application processing.

Personal Identity Verification & Credentials

Since generations, the identification systems have relied on face-to-face interactions and physical documents and processes. But now, digital technologies are transforming how identity is authenticated around the globe. Access cards are tied to a person’s identity via a physical access control (PAC) system, which is a two-step process that links a card to a person after the card has been printed. Few card personalization software systems can also connect to and update the PAC system after the card has been personalized. 

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