Enhancing Security in Biometric Systems

Enterprise Security Magazine | Tuesday, August 09, 2022

By using lock patterns, people have evolved to create access to their rightful information via biometric authentication. However, every system comes with its own set of traits, which can be rectified by increasing the cost-efficiency of these systems.

FREMONT, CA: The term "biometrics" was unheard of a decade ago. But recent years have hand-picked biometrics as people’s preference, as 86 per cent of consumers rely on biometric detections such as the face, finger, etc. Biometric authentication gives quick access to information in no time where remembering lengthy and multiple passwords are not necessarily required. Yet, this advanced system comes with many traits that include ethical concerns and minimal usage of facial recognition as an after-effect of mask culture on account of the pandemic. Further, cybercriminals are developing access illegally with silicon fingerprint replicas and voice-phishing technologies to conduct fraudulent activities. New advancements have made the approach much safer and more secure, with the snag of cost-expensiveness.

Rectifying the Security Drawbacks

Biometric solutions enhance user experiences. However, it holds security as its topmost priority. Hence, organisations have come up with research and development ideas with the expenditure of money, time and effort to secure their own, their employees' and customers’ data.

• Facial and finger recognition are advancements compared to pre-existing technologies, but they can be advanced further. Complex technologies such as 3D motions scan every particular detail of a person’s face and fingerprint, which helps in reducing duplications and unethical hacking. This advancement is also extended to voice and iris recognition, where all specifications are examined to avoid fake identities. Certain other techniques that can be applied include interactive detection systems where eye blinks are taken into account.

• Fingers and faces are the most visible organs of the human body, so it is easy for cybercriminals to duplicate them. Thus, biometric companies are coming up with innovative technologies to detect unique characteristics of the human body such as gait, intraocular vessels, heart rate, typing patterns, and shapes of earlobes to minimise cyber antisocial behaviour.

• Some cybercriminals create fake biometric identities, while others play in databases, tampering with existing biometric data. Once hacked, it is impossible to utilise the same data for security purposes. Hence, biometric companies are conceptualising innovative ideas for securing biometric data using cloud storage, scrambling and storing information in separate servers, and several other complicated authentications.

• Cyberattackers' potential is no joke. They evade innovations with the help of minute loopholes. Hence, research programmers are developing hacking patterns to analyse the strength of their data security systems.

Increasing Growth

Launching FaceID was an effective biometric approach. As people began to develop curiosity over biometric authentication, biometric identity has imprinted its footprints in several sectors, such as smartphone lock patterns, employee ID, in airlines for travellers’ pre-check-in, etc. Furthermore, companies are developing innovative ideas for the effective usage of biometric data. This has increased the scale of biometric systems’ usage in the market, with a promising value of 68.6 billion USD to be reached in 2025.

Ethical Concerns

• Colour and gender bias prevail in this advanced system where false identifications are predominant with dark-skinned, and women on a high scale. This might develop insecurities in a particular community of people. Thus, companies are developing ideas to minimise demographic bias in biometric data.

• Privacy risks are another barrier to this advanced technology as hacking sensitive information such as voices, fingerprints, and iris can reveal confidential information. It may enable hacking of surveillance and trespassing on people’s privacy. Hence, new biometric data security laws are uplifted to protect biometric data.

Further, using a zero-trust security process where double verification processes are enabled constantly along with continuous authentication where security configurations help in locking sensitive details with wrong biometric validation helps in enhancing biometric authentication for safe and secure functioning of systems.

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