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Components of Identity and Access Management

Enterprise Security Magazine | Wednesday, January 05, 2022

Identity and Access Management (IAM) is a powerful tool for managing and granting access to users. It assists enterprises in establishing a secure and compliant environment by preventing unwanted access and employee errors.

Fremont, CA: Global corporations have reached new heights in the last decade. There are several business functions, each with its own staff, that produce and work with many files. With a large workforce and even more data, it's easy to lose track of who has access to which files. Furthermore, firms face data security risks when essential files are accessible to every employee. Whether intentionally or unintentionally, the employee can cause corporate information to be leaked or misplaced, inflicting significant damage to the company. In today's world, data is a vital asset for any company. As a result, it must maintain its integrity at all times. This necessitates a solution that can track and control who has access to the company's IT assets. Identity And Access Management is one such solution (IAM).

Identity and Access Management (IAM) is a comprehensive access solution that comprises a set of components, including:

Database Administration

Managing a database for all of the identities is the first step in installing an IAM system. In order to track user behavior, each user has a unique identity that must be stored. Furthermore, every device from which the user logs in, as well as their location, must be controlled.

Provisioning and de-provisioning

Depending on the user's status in the organization, they must be provisioned or de-provisioned. A person can also log in from multiple devices. If one of their devices is lost, damaged, or stolen, it must be removed from the database.

Authentication

Authentication is the process of identifying whether or not a user is a member of the organization. Passwords, tokens, OTPs, and biometrics are among the authentication techniques utilized. IAM typically uses multi-factor authentication, which combines many methods.

Authorization

After gaining access to the system, a user must be granted permission to access specific services, files, and folders. Specific rights are granted to users based on their position within the firm.

Permissions

Permissions for each user must be modified once the roles have been assigned and access to the files has been granted. Depending on the user's procedure, the permissions can be to edit, view, comment, or share.

Reporting

Another important aspect of Identity and Access Management is reporting. The report could include information such as the user's login history, privileges, and activities, among other things. Any odd conduct must be identified by a thorough audit.

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