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Access Control: Definition and its Need

Enterprise Security Magazine | Tuesday, September 14, 2021

Physical access control systems restrict people's access to buildings, campuses, rooms, and other real-world locations.

FREMONT, CA: For businesses of all sizes and industries, security is a top priority. Safeguarding the company's assets is critical for success if one works with expensive equipment or secret data. An access control system can accommodate the needs of the employees, whether they are ten or ten thousand, and prevent access to those who are not on the list.

Access control solutions can help save money while also securing the business and making access easier for the staff. Read below to find answers concerning access systems, whether one is an administrator or a business owner.

What Is Access Control?

Access control is a type of security that limits who can see or use resources, lowering a company's risk. The two most common forms of systems are logical and physical. Physical access control systems restrict people's access to buildings, campuses, rooms, and other real-world locations. On the other hand, logical access control systems restrict access to system files, data, and computer networks.

Many businesses employ electronic systems that provide or deny access based on whether or not the user has the correct credentials. Some of these systems include card readers, auditing functions, access control panels to restrict admission, and even lockdown and alarm capabilities.

Passwords, security tokens, PINs, and biometric scans, among other credentials, are used by access control systems to approve and authenticate users. Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA), which needs two or more authentication elements, is frequently used in systems.

Why Use an Access Control System?

Mechanical keys are the most basic form of physical access control, and many small businesses still use them. Mechanical keys, on the other hand, have limitations, especially as a company grows. Here are some of the drawbacks of employing keys rather than an access control system.

It Is Possible to Misplace Keys: If an employee loses a key, administrators must change the lock to ensure that the lost key is not utilized by someone who should not have access to the restricted area. After that, everybody who requires access will need to be given new keys.

No Audit Trails: There is no way for one to keep track of who has made use of a key to enter an area or at what time.

Difficult to Manage: If someone has to obtain access to various rooms and structures, they will need multiple keys, which might be troublesome at times.

See Also: Top Access Control Companies